このウェブサイトはご利用の端末での閲覧に対応していません。
This website does not support your device.

Mitsumine shrine~History & Deities

Article writtenFebruary 1st,2020
A memorandum of facts about shrines visited. Mitsumine shrine is a shrine located in the mountain area of Chichibu, Saitama prefecture. It is told that Yamato Takeru founded the shrine and is known for the unique cult of wolves as a "Yama-no-kami". The history of Mitsumine shrine and the enshrined deities.
Please check official information before visiting. Information here may be out of date.
Please check official information before visiting. Information here may be out of date.

History

It is told that Mitsumine shrine was established in 111, during the 12th Emperor Keikō's era. Yamato Takeru, Emperor Keikō's son, was sent to the eastern land to conquer it. On the way to Usui Pass he came through this area and saw the beautiful mountains and rivers of this land, and decided to found the shrine to remember the two deities who created it, Izanagi-no-mikoto and Izanami-no-mikoto. After Yamato Takeru's death when Emperor Keikō travelled the eastern land he named this land "Mitsumine", meaning "3 peaks", from the beautiful 3 peaks of this area. These 3 peaks are Mount Shiraiwa, Mount Myoho, and Mount Kumotori. The shrine was named "Mitsumine-gū".

In the era of the 42nd Emperor Tenmu, En-no-Ozuno who is said to be the founder of Shugendō came to Mitsumine for training and Mitsumine became a place for Shugendō practitioners. In 736 bad diseases spread accross the country, so the Emperor prayed that it dies down at all shrines around the country, and the Empress dedicated statues of "Kannon Bosatsu" at sacred mountains. At this time the statue of "Kannon Bosatsu" was dedicated to Mitsumine shrine too, and where this statue was place became to be the main temple building of "Misuminesan". In the Heian era Kōbō Daishi came to Mitsuminesan an dedicated a statue of Eleven-faced Kannon and buddhist monks served it.

In the 14th century Mitsuminesan became to decline, but a Shugendō practitioner Gekkan Dōman grieved the ruined shrine and collected money over 27 years and rebuilt it in1553. Mitsuminesan became to be the the head temple of the Tendai sect Shuge in the Kanto area. In the Edo period wolves became to be believed as a divine messenger which provide protection against crops from wild animals such as hogs. Wolves eventually became to be believed to provide protection from theft or disastors. It became popular to receive a talisman of wolves and many ""s, a group of worshippers, were formed around the country.

In the Meiji era, due to the separtion of Buddhism from Shinto, the buddhist temple in Mitsuminesan was abolished and Mitsumine became to be a shinto shrine as it is now.

Enshrined deities

The main enshrined deities of Mitsumine shrine are Izanagi-no-mikoto (伊弉諾尊) and Izanami-no-mikoto (伊弉册尊). These 2 deities churned the Earth, still a chaotic mass, with a spear called "Ame-no-nuboko" from heaven and the drops which fell from the tip formed the first island, "Onogoroshima". The two came down to this island and married, and gave birth to the islands which will be Japan and the deities controlling everything such as mountains, oceans and winds.

When Yamato Takeru came to Mitsumine on the way to the eastern land, he saw the beautiful mountains and rivers of this land, and decided to found the shrine to remember the two deities who created it.

Divine favor

Since Mitsumine shrine enshrines a pair of married couple, it is said that it brings good luck on Couple harmony, Well-being of the family and fulfillment of love.

Wolves enshrined as "Gokenzoku-sama" is said to bring good luck on Rich harvest, Preventing fire, Preventing robbery and Preventing various calamities.

Auxiliary shrines

There are 24 auxiliary shrines on the right side of the honden.

  • Sorei-sha
  • Kunitokotachi shrine
  • Yamato Takeru shrine
  • Ise shrine
  • Tsukiyomi shrine
  • Sarutahiko shrine
  • Sai shrine
  • Hifuse shrine
  • Itsukushima shrine and Kizuki shrine
  • Kotohira shrine
  • Yafune shrine
  • Inari shrine
  • Sengen shrine
  • Sugawara shrine
  • Suwa shrine
  • Kanasana shrine
  • Awa shrine
  • Mī shrine
  • Haraedo shrine
  • Tōshō-gū
  • Kasuga shrine
  • Hachiman-gū
  • Chichibu shrine
  • Ōyamazumi shrine
Kunitokotachi shrine
Yamato Takeru shrine
Ise shrine
Auxiliary shrines

Events

These are some annual events.

Saitan-sai, Gantan-kigan-sai
January 1st
Setsubun-tsuina-sai
February 3rd
Shunki-taisai (Spring festival)
April 8th
Okumiya-yamabiraki-sai
May 3rd
Ōharae
June 30th
Okumiya-yamajimai-sai
October 9th
Tōki-taisai (Winter festival)
December 2nd
Ōtoshi-no-matsuri
December 31st
Top
Home
Share
Share
Facebook
Tweet
Google+
Pocket